A Health Savings Account (HSA) is a tax-advantaged medical savings account available to taxpayers in the United States who are enrolled in an HSA Qualified High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP). The funds contributed to an account are not subject to federal income tax at the time of deposit. Unlike a Flexible Spending Account (FSA), funds roll over and accumulate year to year if not spent. HSAs are owned by the individual, which differentiates them from company-owned Health Reimbursement Arrangements (HRA) that are an alternate tax-deductible source of funds paired with either HDHPs or standard health plans. HSA funds may currently be used to pay for qualified medical expenses at any time without federal tax liability or penalty. Withdrawals for non-medical expenses are treated very similarly to those in an IRA in that they may provide tax advantages if taken after retirement age, and they incur penalties if taken earlier. These accounts are a component of consumer driven health care (CDHC). Proponents of HSAs believe that they are an important reform that will help reduce the growth of health care costs and increase the efficiency of the health care system. In addition, HSAs encourage saving for future health care expenses, allowing the patient to receive needed care without a gate keeper to determine what benefits are allowed making consumers more responsible for their own health care choices through the required High-Deductible Health Plan.
*Source: Aon Consulting and the International Society of Certified Employee Benefits Specialists
*Source: Aetna Survey